Confidence Biases

It’s a family of self-preserving biases: to maintain a positive perception of ourselves, we show a series of behaviors and thinking strategies. Some of these biases have the opposite effect: they lead the subject to think negatively of themselves. These biases are often found in medical literature, linked with anxiety and depressive syndromes.

Learned Helplessness

Following repeated failures, there is the conviction of having no power over our own destiny neither no responsibilities towards possible successes or failures.

Positivity Bias

People, especially those with high self-esteem, tend to consider their own positive traits as more sincere and important.

Optimism Bias

It’s a bias that is observed in young patients, that tend to overestimate their health condition and to think that they do not need drugs or devices. In general, it’s thinking that the situation is better than what it really is.

Third Person Effect

We think the messages coming from mass media (especially if persuasive) have a greater impact on others than ourselves.

Naive Realism

We think that our perception of reality is exactly true as it is, without any distortion.

Belief Bias

In the moment that we take a decision, we excessively base our choice on our conviction.

Egocentric Bias

We excessively base our decision on our own personal opinion and hardly take into account other point of views.

False Consensus Effect

We think that our ideas have more success and are more understandable than what they really are.

Automation Bias

We tend to be more confident than what we should be towards machines and automated processes.

Not Invented Here

We tend to consider ideas that are coming from outside our group or organization as less valid.

Impact Bias

We think that an emotion that we will experience in the future will last longer and be stronger.

Curse of Knowledge

Once we learn something, we tend to consider it as basic knowledge and already known by everybody else.

Spotlight Effect

We tend to imagine ourselves to be the centre of attention more than we really are.

Illusory Superiority

Illusion that leads us to consider ourselves to be superior and more skilled than others Illusion that leads us to consider ourselves to be superior and more skilled than others Illusion that leads us to consider ourselves to be superior and more skilled.

False Uniqueness Bias

The tendency to think that our characteristics are unique, while, in actuality, they are more common than we think.

Self-Enhancing Transmission Bias

We tend to share, online and offline, positive aspects of our daily life above all, while we omit the negative ones or the ones that would put us in a bad light.

Commission Bias

The tendency to prefer action rather than inaction, regardless of its usefulness.

Blind Spot Bias

We don’t realize the fact that we’re affected by our own biases.

Social Comparison Bias

We tend to be competitive and experience negative emotions towards those we perceive as more skilled than us in some fields.

Restraint Bias

We tend to overestimate our ability to resist temptations and instincts.

Durability Bias

We overestimate the duration and intensity of our emotional reactions.

Moral Credential Effect

We believe that we have a justification for misbehaving because of the times we had a correct behaviour, instead.